Jenkins is a tool to help with Continuous Integration / Continuous Delivery (CI / CD). I originally looked at installing Jenkins as a Java web app on my Raspberry Pi during this post: https://geektechstuff.com/2019/05/26/installing-apache-tomcat-jenkins-raspberry-pi/ . I am now hoping to expand a little bit more on using Jenkins by building a freestyle project that connects to GitHub.
Jenkins is available for free from: https://jenkins.io
As noted above, I was originally using Jenkins on my Raspberry Pi which has since gone through a rebuild and changed purposes in my environment. I’m now going to run Jenkins in a virtual environment, using Oracle’s VirtualBox. VirtualBox can be downloaded for free from: https://www.virtualbox.org
The virtual environment I am going to use is CentOS, a Linux distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). I like switching up between Linux distributions every so often just to see if I’m missing out on anything. CentOS can be downloaded for free from: https://centos.org/
I’m possibly going to look at setting up a virtual computer environment in the near future / in a future blog post.
Installing Jenkins in Raspbian (or running Jenkins from .war file)
My post here: https://geektechstuff.com/2019/05/26/installing-apache-tomcat-jenkins-raspberry-pi/ explains how to install Jenkins from a .war file.
Installing Jenkins in CentOS
From the terminal, first check that Java is installed using:
If Java is not installed then the Java JDK can be installed using:
sudo yum install java-1.8.0-openjdk
Jenkins can then be installed using:
sudo yum install jenkins
If the CentOS firewall is enabled (for security it should be) then make sure to configure it to allow access to Jenkins. By default Jenkins tries to run on port 8080 so that access to it in a web browser is http://IP-ADDRESS-OF-DEVICE-RUNNING-JENKINS:8080. The firewall settings to allow Jenkins on port 8080 are:
firewall-cmd –permanent –new-service=jenkins
firewall-cmd –permanent –service=jenkins –set-short=”Jenkins Service Ports”
firewall-cmd –permanent –service=jenkins –set-description=”Jenkins service firewalld port exceptions”
firewall-cmd –permanent –service=jenkins –add-port=8080/tcp
firewall-cmd –permanent –add-service=jenkins
firewall-cmd –zone=public –add-service=http –permanent
After installing Jenkins and configuring the firewall, it’s time to start it with:
sudo service jenkins start
The Jenkins service can also be stopped with stop or restarted with restart.
Initial Set Up
On first start up Jenkins will ask what plugins are needed. Unless you have a specific need I recommend accepting the recommended plugins and proceeding.
Jenkins will also ask for a key from Jenkins files, the initial start up page will show where this key is
Creating A Freestyle Project / Build
With Jenkins started and set up we can now create a Freestyle Project. This project requires that Python3, pip and Git are all installed on the system running Jenkins.
I am also going to enter the same GitHub URL for the Git repository URL. This will allow Jenkins to copy the files from the repository for use in the freestyle project.
There are multiple possibilities for the build trigger, but for my test freestyle project I am going to use the “build periodically” option, which uses the same options as cron. The option I’ve entered is H/10 * * * * which sees the build attempt to run every ten minutes.
For build options I am using the “execute shell” option to run several commands:
python3 -m venv $PYENV_HOME
pip install -r requirements.txt
These commands create a virtual Python environment , activates it and then uses pip to install all the requirements for my project.
If Jenkins completes these commands then the build is a success, if not then a failure has happened and it would be time to investigate by looking at the console output.